Cellular antennas are those which can transmit and receive on frequencies used by 3G, 4G, and 5G cell towers. Until recently, most of the world’s cellular mobile networks operated on frequencies between 700 and 2700 MHz. With the recent introduction of 5G which operates on the 3300 to 3800 MHz range, most modern antennas now declare a range of 700 to 3800 MHz.
This extended band of frequencies is generally referred to as the cellular “Wideband”, helping us to recognise that the antenna also covers the 5G band. We also have a number of antennas with even a wider operating frequency range of 600 to 6000 MHz, these are referred to as “Ultraband”. Ultraband antennas are designed to operate down to 600 MHz for North American networks and up to 6 GHz to cover communications in the 5 GHz WiFi, V2X, and supplemental downlink bands.
Antennas marked as “Narrowband” are band-specific, such as those tuned to output maximum power (and maximum receive sensitivity) on a single 4G band.
Choosing the right cellular antenna is not as difficult as it first might seem. The selection process depends on what you intend on using it for, so we have broadly classed antenna types into subcategories based on application suitability.